In recent years, design has change dramatic. This is because the needs of the audience changed each time. If you think back it is quite easy to see how graphic design has evolved.
Creation of graphic design software
Over the course of time there are various graphic design tools on computers and laptops. SuperPaint was one of the first graphical software applications in the world. The program was developed in 1973.
SuperPaint was a highly successful graphics program and frame buffer computer system developed by Richard Shoup at Xerox PARC. The system was first conceptualized in 1972 and produced its first stable image in April 1973. SuperPaint was one of the first applications of computer technology for creative artwork, video editing and computer animation. SuperPaint had the ability to capture images of the standard video input or to combine this with pre-existing digital data. SuperPaint was also the first program to let you change the color of an image, like the hue and saturation. So SuperPaint was one of the first graphics programs with a graphical user interface (Lowendmaccom, 2013).
Adobe Photoshop is a graphics program developed by Adobe to editing photos and other digital images throughout the computer. Photoshop is aimed at professional users. For less demanding users, there is another option: Adobe Photoshop Elements, which offers a slightly different functionality. The very first version of Photoshop was released in February 1990 (Designbyfirecom, 2016).
Adobe Illustrator is a computer program for graphic designers, illustrators and technical artist to make vector images. The very first version of Illustrator was released in January 1989 (Marcin wichary, 2016)
Adobe Indesign is a desktop publishing program for laying out pages for prints. The program was released in 1999 by Adobe. At first it was aimed at the professional market, but now its focused on the broad market. Indesign is the successor of Pagemaker (Adobecom, 2016).
Influence of computers on graphic design
Graphic design has changed in form and also in functionality in the last 25 years. This is due to the development of the technology which is used for making the design, and also the way of displaying prints (WordPresscom, 2011).
There was not much differences between designs when graphic design became assessable via the internet. Designers tented to use many of the same techniques to create similar content. Nowadays the technologies has advanced and designers make use of hundreds of programs. Meanwhile there is almost as many methods of graphic design as there are graphic designers (Brighthubcom, 2016)
Writer Amber Neely told Brighthub about the arrival of faster, more powerful computers and faster Internet, we expect higher quality graphic products. We as viewers expect more colors, higher resolutions and more detailed designs because our computers are capable of it.
Thanks to the graphic tablets, new design software, and improvement in printing, designers can design with fewer restrictions as possible. The design workflow is getting faster by having graphics tablet. And of course with programs like Adobe Cloud where software update constantly provides for development (Brighthubcom, 2016). If you look at the printers, they offer the ability to print in high resolution images, mixing ink for true-to-life representations of what you see on a computer screen, high quality designs on more places than ever to see (Brighthubcom, 2016).
The transition from Skeuomorphism to Flat Design Today
When you hear about (web) design, you will thinking about “flat design”. Flat design has gained popularity in a rapid pace in recent years thanks to large companies and organisations that changes their own design aesthetics to flat design.
The term “flat design” is given to the style of the design, incorporating elements that loses any kind of 3D effects and shadows.
Until 2012, skeumorphism was the leading trend in digital design. Based on the Greek words “skeuos” (ie, container or tool) and “morph” (ie, shape), skeumorphism design took its styling cues from the physical world.
The primary focus was to create icons and other UI elements as “real” as possible. Designers needed to keep light and shades in mind to create objects as realistic as possible. This contextual approach allows the users of all levels comfortable with the transition from the real world to the digital world. Everything comes to an end, particularly trends. In this time, flat design gained the popularity (Turner, 2014).
Microsoft and Apple have made the style quite popular in recent years. Microsoft uses flat design in Windows 8, and Apple had dumped skeuomorphism in iOS7 (Turner, 2014). Flat design is peaceful. The calm of the style gives the user the ability to view the content at own pace. The colors and the contrast is an important aspect of flat design. This explains why designers uses a limited color palette. Many corporations therefore uses one or two colors and this leads to soothing (iWink, 2014).
Where did flat design originally?
Most things we see on the Web or digital world has its origins from the print and art. Although it is difficult to determine the exact start of flat design, there are a few period of design and art in which flat design is inspired. The Swiss style (Swiss style), also known as the International Typographic Style, is the most important period of design that comes in mind and deserves the attention for a discussion on the history of flat design. The Swiss style focuses primarily on the use of the grid, sans-serif typography and clean hierarchy of content and layout.
During between 1940 and 1950, the Swiss style is often included in combination of a very large picture with simple and minimal typography (Turner, 2014).
Another major impact of the current flat design is the history of minimalism. The term “minimalism” is sometimes mixed the current flat design, but minimalism was already popular before existing of the web.
Minimalism has its history in the architecture, art and design (Turner, 2014).
The future of flat design
Although nobody can predict the future, that fact remains that flat design shall expire and be replaced by something new and exciting, like how flat design replaced skeuomorphism. There are flaws in flat design, such as removing the visual cues that needed to determine if something is clickable or not. If designers keep experimenting and learning, flat design will also evolve into a new style. If you look at the current design style of Google, its mainly flat design, but there is more of it. It seems that some elements are incorporate with skeuomorphism such as drop shadows and also using gradients in a subtle way. Google seems to know how to integrate the best of flat design and other style in a way that works together (Kotara, 2015).
The future of graphic design
We predict that material design will rise. It was created by Google, a new type of flat design that revolves around levels as mentioned before. The drop shadows are reflected in subtle form. It is not about light, but about different objects on each other. It is not about depth, but about levels. It seems at first as flat design, but is more multidimensional; you might call it an evolution of flat design.
Posted by Holthing Chung